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Tianjin, with Bohai Sea to its east and with Beijing and Hebei province to its west, lies on the North China Plain covering a land area of 11,917.3 square kilometers.
The name of Tianjin, meaning "the Emperor's Port", came into being in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).The area of Tianjin first appeared in historical documents in the Tang Dynasty(618-907) as San Hui Hai Kou (literally "estuary of three rivers").
The city of Tianjin sits on the western edge of the Bohai Sea, south of the Yanshan Mountains, and east of Beijing, on an area that was formed by sedimentary deposits of nine rivers.